Clause 61: The Pushback Blog

Because ideas have consequences

The Informed Celebrity Test

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There are many celebrities who appear to be confused. They think that they have a pulpit to pronounce on economics and politics because their celebrity status gives them access, whether or not they actually have any backing for their opinions.

Celebrities do not have a monopoly on being ill-informed. However, they have an ability to be heard that ordinary private citizens do not enjoy. They have a ready platform to get their message out and attempt to influence others. This platform is not available to the rest of us.

To compensate for the access advantages a celebrity has over any other citizen, I offer this simple test for celebrities to take before they tell the rest of us how we ought to vote. The positions taken are not as important as the support offered for them.

  1. The Department of Labor has announced changes to the regulations under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), to go into effect on 1 December 2016. Specifically, the earnings limit for salaried employees who must be paid overtime will be raised to $47,476/year, with an automatic adjustment every three years (at this writing, the limit is $23,660/year).
    1. Should a salaried employee receive overtime? Why or why not?
    2. What is the principle that guides your answer to the previous question?
    3. Under what constitutional authority is this change to the law being made?
    4. What are two regulations regarding labor and wages that the original FLSA, passed in 1938, established?
    5. Name two employer practices relating to wage payments for adult workers that used to occur before the 1930s and caused people to want federal labor law.
    6. The same change sets the income level of a “highly compensated employee” at $134,004/year, which is obtained by finding the 90th percentile of full-time salaried workers across the nation. What multiple of that number did you make last year?
  2. The Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission case [558 U.S. 310] involves the regulation of political activity by organizations.
    1. The case was appealed when a lower court declined to provide injunctive relief to Citizens United. What was the Federal Election Commission doing that Citizens United sought an injunction to stop?
    2. What was the majority finding of the court?
    3. In the dissent authored by Justice Stevens, what differences between a corporation and a human person did he identify?
    4. Where do you put the boundary between free speech and “electioneering communication”? Does it matter who is doing the speaking? Explain.
    5. How does Congress direct and control the actions of the Federal Election Commission, including assertion of accountability by commissioners for their actions?
  3. The Kelo v. City of New London case [545 U.S. 469] involved a particular use of eminent domain by the City of New London, CT.
    1. What was the twist on eminent domain particular to this case?
    2. What was the majority opinion?
    3. In the dissent written by Justice O’Connor, what was her point?
    4. Must there be a public use to be a public purpose? Why or why not?
  4. There have been various public discussions this year as to whether one or the other of the major party candidates is unqualified to be President.
    1. What are the qualifications given by the Constitution for a President?
    2. What other qualifications would you assert? On what grounds?
  5. The US national debt is, at the time of this writing, $19.6 trillion.
    1. What is the difference between the debt and the budget deficit?
    2. About 88% of the federal budget is consumed by six major items. Name four.
    3. What are the three ways available to finance government operations?
    4. Do we ever have to pay down the debt? Could we just keep running it up for the foreseeable future? Explain.
    5. The Federal government has the exclusive authority to coin money? Could the government just print its way out of debt? Why or why not?
    6. If the Federal government just repudiated the debt, what would happen? Who would be affected?
  6. In most elections, including this one, there have been discussions about what the candidates will do to create jobs.
    1. What direct authority does the President have to create jobs?
    2. What means are available to the President to influence the creation of jobs?
    3. In the 1930s, several programs were created to put people to work during the Great Depression, most notably the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Do you think such programs could be used to effectively reduce unemployment on a permanent basis? Why or why not?

You have all the time you need.

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Written by srojak

October 13, 2016 at 8:38 pm

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